Bedouins have been referred to by various names throughout history, including Qedarites in the Old Testament and Arabaa by the Assyrians ar-ba-a-a being a nisba of the noun Arab , a name still used for Bedouins today. Traditions like camel riding and camping in the deserts are still popular leisure activities for urban Bedouins who live in close proximity to deserts or other wilderness areas. A widely quoted Bedouin apothegm is "I am against my brother, my brother and I are against my cousin, my cousin and I are against the stranger"  sometimes quoted as "I and my brother are against my cousin, I and my cousin are against the stranger. Disputes are settled, interests are pursued, and justice and order are dispensed and maintained by means of this framework, organized according to an ethic of self-help and collective responsibility Andersen The individual family unit known as a tent or "gio" [ clarification needed ] bayt typically consisted traditionally of three or four adults a married couple plus siblings or parents and any number of children. When resources were plentiful, several tents would travel together as a goum. While these groups were sometimes linked by patriarchal lineage, others were just as likely linked by marriage alliances new wives were especially likely to have close male relatives join them.
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The Bedouin are an indigenous people of the Negev desert in southern Israel, referred to by themselves as the Naqab. They are a semi-nomadic community that historically engaged in animal herding and grazing and agriculture. They mainly identify as Palestinian Arabs but use the term Bedouin to refer to their nomadic way of life. Out of the 92, Bedouin living in the Negev in , only 11, remained after the foundation of Israel.
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Historically, Bedouins staked their livelihoods on the herding of camels and goats, as well as the occasional raid or extraction of tribute from settlements. These photos from the end of the 19th century capture a range of Bedouins at a time of change. As modern governments projected their power into previously ungovernable tracts of the desert, many Bedouins chose or were forced to abandon a purely nomadic lifestyle and transitioned to a semi-nomadic or sedentary urban way of life. Today, even Bedouins who have settled into cities maintain distinctive cultural traditions, from poetry and dance to tenting and camel riding. Image: Library of Congress. A woman weaves fabric as her family looks on. Two women work at a millstone. Men perform a sword dance at a wedding. A Bedouin man poses on horseback. Mounted warriors.
To save this word, you'll need to log in. Arabic-speaking desert nomads of the Middle East are known as bedouin. Ethnically, the bedouin are identical to other Arabs. Bedouin social rank is determined by the animals they herd: camel nomads are most prestigious, followed by sheep and goat herders, and finally cattle nomads. Traditionally, bedouin migrated into the desert during the rainy season and returned to cultivated areas during the dry season, but since World War II some national governments have nationalized their range lands and conflicts over land use have arisen, and many groups have settled. Most, however, retain pride in their nomadic heritage. Here's the Data," 9 July In one corner, Bedouins glide on camels across a void of Sheetrock, while, in another, Sherlock Holmes grapples to the death with Professor Moriarty on the lip of a high shelf. Send us feedback.